Wine regions of Serbia
Serbia is a continental country with a moderately continental climate, located in Southeastern Europe. Because of the part of the Pannonian plain in the north of its territory, Serbia also belongs to the region of Central Europe, and climatically, its southern part is also included in the Mediterranean countries. It is not possible to generalize the climatic influence and it is determined by local peculiarities. The weather and climate of Serbia are significantly influenced by geographical areas such as the Alps, the Mediterranean Sea, the Carpathians, the Rhodope Mountains, as well as the hilly-mountainous area with valleys and plateaus. The prevailing position of the river basins from the south, towards the plains in the north of the country, enables the deep penetration of polar air masses into the southern regions. The wind, which is an important factor and has a significant effect on viticulture, is košava. It comes from the southeast and follows the course of the Danube.
The Pannonian plain, geographically speaking, belongs to Central Europe and thus has a continental climate. The central and southern part of the Republic of Serbia, due to its close proximity to the Adriatic, Aegean and Black seas, whose heat has an effect on our climate, belongs to a moderately continental climate. Winds also have an additional influence on the climate, the most significant of which is the košava, which forms along the course of the Danube, and has an influence in the entire Pannonian plain.
Since 2014, according to the new distribution of wine-growing regions, Serbia is divided into three regions that represent geographical units: Central Serbia, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija. Within these regions, there are 22 sub-regions, 77 vine-growing areas and several oases of vineyards.